Chengtoushan Historic Site Listed Top Ten Archaeological Discoveries in Hunan Province
On December 30, 2021, the Award Ceremony of Ten Archaeological Discoveries and a Hundred Unearthed Cultural Relics Promotion in Hunan Province was held in Changsha. This event was also to celebrate the centennial history of Chinese archeology. Chengtoushan Historic Site from Changde was listed in Top Ten Archaeological Discoveries in Hunan Province, as well as in Top Ten Online Popular Archaeological Discoveries in Hunan Province. Two pieces of relics from Changde were rated as 100 Pieces (Sets) Unearthed Cultural Relics in Hunan Province, and two other pieces rated as Online Popular Unearthed Cultural Relics in Hunan Province.
Chengtoushan Historic Site, considered as the cradle of Chinese civilization, is located in Lixian County, Changde. With a total excavation area of 8185.5 square meters, it reveals the looks of the earliest ancient city known in China. The rice fields spotted in the site, recognized as the earliest rice fields in China, are proof of the maturity of rice farming in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River. The cultural relics of the site are a witness to the origin and development of prehistoric civilization in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River.
A pair of Blue and White porcelain plum vase with covers from the Ming Dynasty won the title of 100 Pieces (Sets) of Unearthed Cultural Relics in Hunan Province and a bronze dart group from the Warring States won the title of Online Popular Unearthed Cultural Relics in Hunan Province respectively. Both items are now kept in Changde Municipal Museum. A jade head from the Neolithic Age, a national first-class cultural relic collected by Shimen County Museum, also won the above two titles. The unearthed relic, providing a physical example for the dating of Neolithic jade product, is of great value to the study of Neolithic culture in Lishui Basin.
Translator: Guo Weifeng
Chinese Source: www.changde.gov.com