Changde--A Wonderful City of Wetlands

    Date:2018-10-07 Source:Changde Official Web Portal Fonts:[ large medium small ]


         In the reign of Taiyuan of the Jin Dynasty, there was a man from Wuling who was a fisherman by trade. One day he was fishing from his boat in a stream, heedless of how far he had gone, when suddenly he came upon a forest of peach trees. On either bank for several hundred yards there were no other kinds of tree. The fragrant grass was beautiful to look at, all patterned with fallen blossoms... 


    In the east lies the utopia for human spirit and it is called Taohuayuan.

    Changde is is a Taohuayuan.



    In Huayan Stream you can appreciate egrets dancing;

    in Taohuayuan you can enjoy Pestled Tea. 


         Connecting the Yangtze River and the Dongting Lake, Changde, an economic center with the Yuan River and the Li River running though, is a wonderland with a harmonious combination of water and mountain.



         7000 years ago, rice civilization characterized by water came into being in Chengtoushan of Changde, which was hailed as “the earliest city in China” and the origin of Changde wetland civilization. 

         Since then, with the advantage of water, Changde has developed into a famed wetland world of nature, freedom and joy.

         With rivers, lakes, forests and paddy fields co-existing harmoniously, Changde boasts rich and unique wetland resources. In the depth of Huping Mountain, next to the Wuyunjie and at the foot of Taiyang       Mountain scatter 190,100 hectares of various wetlands. There are 91,500 hectares of lake wetlands, 52,000 hectares of river wetlands, 39,900 hectares of artificial wetlands and 6,700 hectares of marsh wetlands.



         Changde’s wetlands are widely distributed, boasting such major wetlands as West Dongting Lake International Wetland, Maoli Lake National Wetland Park, Yuan River National Wetland Park, Shuyuan Islet National Wetland Park, Cenhuai National Wetland Park, Xianyang Lake National Wetland Park, Niao’er Islet National Wetland Park, Xifeng Lake National Wetland Park, Daoshui River National Wetland Park. 133,300 hectares of wetlands are under protection, amounting to 70.15% of all the wetlands.



         Changde lies in the sourthern margin of the Northern Subtropics, and on the migration route of East Asia--West Asia--Austrilia. Thanks to its geographical advantages and rich wetlands, Changde abounds with a variety of wildlife. It boasts 3,420 species of higher plants, over 120 species of fish, 464 species of terrestrial vertebrates and 285 species of birds, including over 20 species of birds under first-grade or second-grade state protection. The main endangered species here include Chinese merganser, white crane, black pheasant, oriental white pheasant, swan geese, small swan, Chinese sturgeon and paddlefish.



         Rich wetlands and species in Changde are the source of life for the people here. That wetlands are the blood vessel for the sustainable development of a city and wetlands and city should co-exist and co-develop naturally is the lesson which 6.2 million Changde people have learned from 2000 years of development .

         In Changde, various wetland development and protection plans can ensure the city’s growth and the people’s breath in a green environment. Such plans as Overall Urban Plan and Wetland Protection Specialized Plan protect and develop wetlands in an orderly way, building a Shangri-la with level land, imposing houses, good fields, beautiful ponds, mulberry trees, bamboo, and the like.



         Changde established Changde Wetland Protection Commission and issued 12 regulations such as Changde Wetland Protection and Management Measures to define the importance of wetland protection in urban development so as to ensure the harmony of development and environment. Changde has invested greatly in wetland protection. Recently, over $5.7 billion has been put into wetland restoration, protection and monitoring. Changde established an evaluation system for material, spiritual, and ecological civilization construction, with water environment management and ecological restoration as the major tasks of wetland protection, with a comprehensive wetland protection evaluation system.



         In Changde, wetland protection education goes deep into the people’s mind by  wetland  protection  publicity  and  education center,  public  websites, festival  a ctivities, schools and universities, wetland classroom and volunteers, disseminating the idea of balancing wetland protection and urban sustainable development in all the places of Changde.

         “Lucid waters and lush mountains are invaluable assets.” Wetland resources are the driving force for Changde’s economic growth and the people’s happy life.

         Today, Changde is a sponge city with the characteristics of Jiangnan water town. By comprehensive urban water system management and water resource utilization and artificial wetland technology,it established a “Changde Model” of water-saving.



         Today, Changde is a city with booming modern agriculture. Freshwater fish farming, branded agricultural production, R&D of ecological agriculture and beautiful countryside construction help to build a Changde brand in China’s agricultural development.

         Today, Changde is a city of ecological tourism and unique culture. Paddling in Liuye Lake, wandering along Chuanzi River, drinking at Old West Gate, singing on the Changde River Street, enjoying sunrise on the top of Huping Mountain, sipping tea at Wuyunjie and dining at the foot of Taiyang Mountain, tourists can enjoy the beautiful landscape and history in the wonderland of Changde.



         With a myriad of rivers, thousands of mountains and scatters of wetlands, Changde is a charming city. Protecting wetlands means ensuring Changde’s sustainable development; developing wetlands means enhancing Changde’s core competitiveness.By balancing environment and development, Changde will become a wonderland of scenery, culture and vitality.


         Shangri-la is not so far. 

         Changde with wetlands is a Shangri-la.



         Paths were crisscrossing the fields in all directions. The crowing of cocks and the barking of dogs were within hearing of each other. In the fields the villagers were busy with farm work. Men and women were dressed like people outside. They all, old and young, appeared happy.  


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